Skip to main content
 

Writing & Citing : APA

a

Confidentiality Versus Clarity

With interviewees and personal conversation, APA clashes with the principles of transparency versus confidentiality.  This is why the attribution to a personal communication is in the text as an in-text citation only and not at then end in the references section.

The APA Blog Style explanation in full is here.  These issues are well-covered in the APA Ethics Code.

First as yourself and the subject(s), do you mind being identified?  If not, consider using the following to identify them.

1) Their role ( doctor, patient, respondent..)
2) Nick name or Pseudoym ( "John,"  Participant A, MN ..)

 

It is customary to ask participant(s) who doesn't mind being identified to sign a document stating that issue.  Ask your Professor if that is necessary for a class project.

If that is acceptable, use this simple format.  (personal communication, Month Day, Year)

Example:

Dr. Phyllis Jackson (personal communication, October 1, 2016) felt the salt content in many canned soups was misleading to consumers. 

Nothing will appear in the references.