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APA 6/7 Changes

Changes to the APA Citation Style

 

APA 6th edition Book Cover      

 

 

New APA Style 7th Edition

What has changed?   

APA 7th edition book cover   

Paper Format

How to format the paper:

APA 6th ed. APA 7th ed.
One standard type of paper                  Two types of papers: "Student Paper" and "Professional Paper"
Running head required Running head NOT required for STUDENT PAPERS. (Only for professionals.)
One font: Times New Roman Choices of font: Times New Roman / Georgia / Calibri / Arial
No specific instructions for Annotated Bibliography                                  Annotated Bibliography formatting: The annotation should be in block indented at 0.5"

In text

How to write the essay:

APA 6th ed. APA 7th ed.

 

Pronouns: use of he/she or his/her for singular and they/their for plural.

 

Example: A person should enjoy his or her vacation.

 

 

Pronouns: Singular pronoun "they/their" accepted.

 

Example: A person should enjoy their vacation.

 

Punctuation: One or two spaces after a period.

 

 

Punctuation: One space after a period.

In-text citations: Sources with 2 authors, cite bothSources with 3 authors and more:

Name up to six authors the first time and use "et al." in subsequent citations.

 

Example (5 authors):

First citation:  (Stevens, Jones, Hall, Castro, & Brown, 2018)

Subsequent citations: (Stevens et al., 2018)

 

In text citations: Sources with 2 authors, cite bothSources with 3 authors and more:

Cite first author and use "et al." every time.

 

 

Example (5 authors):

All in-text citations: (Stevens et al., 2018)

Course Materials (provided by instructor in Canvas, for example) treated as personal communication.

 

 

Course Materials (provided by instructor in Canvas, for example) can be cited in References and in-text.       

 

Example:

Smith, R. (2018). The circulatory system  [PowerPoint slides]. Canvas @SCF. https://scf.instructure.com/

*Note: Remember to format the References page double-spaced and with hanging indentation.

References

How to cite sources in References list:

 

APA 6th ed. APA 7th ed.

Books: Include Place of Publication and Publisher's name.

 

Example:

Westover, T. (2018). Educated: A memoir. New York: Random House.

Books: No place of publication.

 

 

Example:

Westover, T. (2018). Educated: A memoir. Random House.

Articles with doi (digital object identifier) use "doi:" 

 

Example:

James-Kangal, N., & Whitton, S. W. (2019). Conflict management in emerging adults' “nonrelationships.” Couple and Family Psychology: Research and Practice, 8(2), 63–76. doi: 10.1037/cfp0000118

 

Articles with doi (digital object identifier) use URL format:

 

Example:

James-Kangal, N., & Whitton, S. W. (2019). Conflict management in emerging adults' “nonrelationships.” Couple and Family Psychology: Research and Practice, 8(2), 63–76. https://doi.org/10.1037/cfp0000118

Articles without doi: link to journal's website needed.

 

Example:

Millea, M., Wills, R., Elder, A., & Molina, D. (2018). What Matters in College Student Success? Education, 138(4), 309–322. Retrieved from: http://www.projectinnovation.com/education.html

 

Articles without doi: NO link to journal's website needed. Treat as if print.

 

Example:

Millea, M., Wills, R., Elder, A., & Molina, D. (2018). What matters in college student success? Education, 138(4), 309–322.

Web pages: Title of web page non-italics, name of website in italics.

 

Example:

 

O'Connor, A. (2016, Jul. 19). How the government supports your junk food ​habits. The New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.well.blogs.nytimes.com/2016/07/19/

 

Web pages: Title of web page in italics, name of website non-italics.

 

Example:

 

O'Connor, A. (2016, Jul. 19). How the government supports your junk food ​habits. The New York Times. http://www.well.blogs.nytimes.com/2016/07/19/

Multiple authors:

Materials with 3 to 7 authors: List all.

Example (6 authors):

Kernis, M. H., Cornell, D. P., Sun, C. R., Berry, A., Harlow, T., & Bach, J. S. (1993). There's more to self-esteem than whether it is high or low: The importance of stability of self-esteem. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 65, 1190-1204.

 

Materials with more than seven authors: List first six authors, ellipsis, and last one.

Example (10 authors):

Miller, F. H., Choi, M. J., Angeli, L. L., Harland, A. A., Stamos, J. A., Thomas, S. T., . . . Rubin, L. H. (2009). Web site usability for the blind and low-vision user. Technical Communication, 57, 323-335.

 

 

Multiple authors:

Materials with 3 to 20 authors: List all.

Example (10 authors):

Miller, F. H., Choi, M. J., Angeli, L. L., Harland, A. A., Stamos, J. A., Thomas, S. T., James, K., Smith, J., Robertson, M. & Rubin, L. H. (2009). Web site usability for the blind and low-vision user. Technical Communication, 57, 323-335.

 

Materials with 21 or more authors: List 19 authors, ellipsis and last one.

Example (21 authors):

Alvarez, A. A., Brown, C. H., Charles, C., Diaz, D. M., Eastman, P. E., Frederick, L., Guateng, L. V., Henri, J. M., Irigoyen, A. I., Jones, J. L., Kafka, K. M., Lugones, L., Marinelli, M. M., Nguyen, T. B., O'Connor, M. O., Perez, A. P., Quispe, J. B., Rowland, R. J., San Martin, J. S., . . . Zapata, E. (2020). Effects of reading comprehension programs involving diverse literature in test scores. Journal of Innovative Education, 1(2): 35-48.

Web pages and web sites: Include "Retrieved from:" and the URL.

Avramova, N. (2019, January 3). The secret to a long, happy, healthy life? Think Age-positive. CNN. Retrieved from: https://www.cnn.com/2019/01/03/health/respect-toward-elderly-leads-to-long-life/index.html

 

 

Web pages and web sites: Don't include "Retrieved from:" unless date of retrieval is needed.

Avramova, N. (2019, January 3). The secret to a long, happy, healthy life? Think Age-positive. CNN. https://www.cnn.com/2019/01/03/health/respect-toward-elderly-leads-to-long-life/index.html

 

*Note: Remember to format the References page double-spaced and with hanging indentation.

Quick Reference

Citing most common sources in APA 7th ed.

Download this Quick Reference Guide from the American Psychological Association's website.

How to cite a journal in APA 7th edition



How to cite a book chapter in apa 7

 

 

Source: American Psychological Association. (2020). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed.). https://doi.org/10.1037/0000165-000