In IHI.org, on the course page, the Institute of Healthcare Improvement provides a list of contributors. APA cares about authors and editors It does not use credentials or affiliations. For example, in PS 102 this statement appears under Course Objectives as Contributors. Make sure to check this page as this information may have changed.
Frank Federico, RPh, Executive Director, Senior Expert Patient Safety, Institute for Healthcare Improvement
Editor(s): Kathleen Vega, BA, Freelance Writer
This means that an APA citation for an online book with author and editors should be used. Use the abbreviation Eds. for more than one editor. If just one editor it is Ed. The copyright for the site is 2015. Editors are listed first initial and then last name when used before publication name. When editors are used in the author position, they are listed like authors.
Author Last Name, First Initial. (Date). Title of resource: Subtitle. In Editor First Initial, Last Name & Editor First Initial, Last Name (Eds.), Name of Course. URL.
Federico, F. (2015). Lesson 1: Understanding the science of human factors. In K. Vega (Ed.), PS 102: Human Factors and Safety. http://app.ihi.org
(Federico, 2015) -parenthetical
Federico (2015) -narrative
Parenthetical vs Narrative citation:
Parenthetical citation requires author and date in parentheses (Author last name, date).
Narrative citation incorporates the author name and/or year in the narrative.
Narrative: Huskin (2016) suggests that classroom activities that include writing help students stay engaged.
Narrative: In 2016, Huskin suggests that classroom activities that include writing help students stay engaged.
Parenthetical: “Writing activities increase students’ learning and engagement” (Huskin, 2016).
Huskin, P. R. (2016). Engagement strategies for increasing student writing success. Education, 136(3), 283–290.