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Information Literacy Framework

Overview of the ACRL Framework for Information Literacy

Frame Defined

Information Creation as a Process refers to the understanding that the information creation process can produce a  wide range of information formats and modes of delivery.  Experts recognize that information creations are valued differently in different contexts, such as academia or the workplace, and look to the underlying processes of creation as well as the final product to critically evaluate the usefulness of the information.

Alignment with 2000 ACRL Standards

Standard Four: The information literate student, individually or as a member of a group, uses information effectively to accomplish a specific purpose.

From: Hovious, Amanda. “Alignment Charts for ACRL Standards and Proposed Framework.” Google Docs, January 23, 2015.

Potential Learning Outcomes

Information Creation as a Process
Information can be encountered in different formats, which has an effect on how it is used and shared. This frame emphasizes the importance of understanding of the dynamic nature of information creation as well as the final product. This understanding is integral to assessing the fit between an information product’s creation process and a particular information need.

Students should be able to:
• Distinguish between format and method of access, understanding that these are separate things.
• Articulate the abilities and limitations of various processes of information creation.
• Recognize that similar content may be presented in different formats, which may affect interpretation of the content.
• Select a source that best meets an information need based on the audience, context, and purpose of various formats.

Adapted from:

USC Libraries. (n.d.). Information Literacy Outcomes for Undergraduates. Retrieved from