This source contains contains resources on in-text citation and the Works Cited page, as well as MLA sample papers.
MLA Handbook by The Modern Language; The Modern Language Association of AmericaRelied on by generations of writers, the MLA Handbookis published by the Modern Language Association and is the only official, authorized book on MLA style. The new, ninth edition builds on the MLA's unique approach to documenting sources using a template of core elements--facts, common to most sources, like author, title, and publication date--that allows writers to cite any type of work, from books, e-books, and journal articles in databases to song lyrics, online images, social media posts, dissertations, and more. With this focus on source evaluation as the cornerstone of citation, MLA style promotes the skills of information and digital literacy so crucial today. The many new and updated chapters make this edition the comprehensive, go-to resource for writers of research papers, and anyone citing sources, from business writers, technical writers, and freelance writers and editors to student writers and the teachers and librarians working with them. Intended for a variety of classroom contexts--middle school, high school, and college courses in composition, communication, literature, language arts, film, media studies, digital humanities, and related fields--the ninth edition of the MLA Handbookoffers *New chapters on grammar, punctuation, capitalization, spelling, numbers, italics, abbreviations, and principles of inclusive language *Guidelines on setting up research papers in MLA format with updated advice on headings, lists, and title pages for group project *Revised, comprehensive, step-by-step instructions for creating a list of works cited in MLA format that are easier to learn and use than ever before *A new appendix with hundreds of example works-cited-list entries by publication format, including websites, YouTubevideos, interviews, and more *Detailed examples of how to find publication information for a variety of sources *Newly revised explanations of in-text citations, including comprehensive advice on how to cite multiple authors of a single work *Detailed guidance on footnotes and endnotes *Instructions on quoting, paraphrasing, summarizing, and avoiding plagiarism *A sample essay in MLA format *Annotated bibliography examples *Numbered sections throughout for quick navigation *Advanced tips for professional writers and scholars
Publication Date: 2021-04-06
Basic rules for citing most sources:
Works cited must be double spaced and have a hanging indent. This means that each subsequent line after the first line of your citation should be indented by 0.5 inches.
Alphabetized by the first listed author.
If same author, list sources in alphabetical order.
In the titles of articles, books, webpages and most other sources capitalize each word, unless it is an article (the, an), preposition, or conjunction, unless it is the first word of a title:The Art of War, The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy, To Kill a Mockingbird.
"In-text"means citing the source of information in thebody of the text, for example:
In the text of an essay
In the outline of a speech
In the slide of a powerpoint
Every time you cite a source in your text there has to be acorresponding citationin the Work Cited page at the end of your essay or assignment.
Every item on the Works Cited page MUST be used and cited in text of your paper. All items should be listed in alphabetical order.
The words Works Cited should appear on the very top line, on a new page, at the end of your paper, with the alignment set to center. Include the one inch margins, last name, and page number header that you have for the rest of the paper.
All lines after Works Cited should be left aligned, only the title will be centered. The first line in each entry must be fully left aligned then every line after that should be indented by a half inch(0.5), known as the Hanging indent. Make sure that the entries are all double spaces.
Work Cited Entry Core Elements:
Title of Source. (Book, chapter, article title, etc.)
Title of container, (Book, periodical, journal, website, etc.)
Other contributors, (Editors, translators, narrators, directors, etc.)
Location. (Page numbers, URL/DOI numbers)
Each element should be followed by the corresponding punctuation mark as shown in the above list.
List authors using last name first, followed by first name, then middle name or middle initials when possible. Do not list titles (Dr., Sir, Honorable) or degrees (PhD, MA, DDS) with the names. Do include suffixes (Jr. II, III),
Example of a citation:Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. would be listed as "King, Martin Luther, Jr."