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Writing and Citing: APA 7th Edition: Websites

A guide to help users create citations using American Psychological Association Style, 6th edition.

Basic Format

Make sure to include the date of retrieval if you think the information is bound to change.
Basic Format:

Author Last Name, First Initial. Second Initial. (Year). Title of website: Subtitle. URL

Website, Organization as Author:
Organization name. (Year). Title of website: Subtitle. URL

Website, No Author:
When you cannot find an author for the webpage that you are using, start the citation with the title of specific page.

Page title: Subtitle. (Year). Title of Website: Subtitle. URL

Blog Post:

Author Last Name, First Initial. Second Initial. OR Author screen name {as it appears on the blog}. (Year, Month Day {of post}). Title of specific post [Web log post].Retrieved from URL of specific post

Websites are cited in-text same as many other resources, in the author-date format.

(Author Last Name, date) -parenthetical

Author Last Name (date) ... -narrative

For websites with no author, use the Title-date format.

(Title, date) -parenthetical

"Title" (date) -narrative

Use quotation marks around titles of websites.

Reliable Websites

Types of reliable websites: 

Many reliable resources published by the government, educational institutions or organizations do not have a specific author. In this case, the organization that published the resource becomes the author. 

Government website: 

URL ends in .gov 
Website information is overseen by the government 
Official communication of a government organization 

Name of Organization. (Date). Title of specific page. URL or DOI 

Example:

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2019, Sept. 22). Lung cancer screening guidelines and recommendations. https://www.cdc.gov/cancer/lung/pdf/lung-cancer-screening-recommendations-508.pdf 

Educational website: 

URL ends in .edu 
Website information is overseen by an educational institution 
Non-biased academic information 

Name of Educational Institution. (Date). Title of specific page. URL 

Example:

State College of Florida. (2020). Institutional research.  https://www.scf.edu/Administration/ InstitutionalResearch/default.asp 

Organizational website: 

URL ends in .org 
Website information is provided by an organization (non-governmental) 
Information contained must be evaluated for bias toward organization’s mission 

Name of Organization. (Date). Title of specific page. URL 

Example:

United Nations Childrens Fund (UNICEF). (2019, November). Global framework on transferable skills. https://www.unicef.org/media/64751/file/Global-framework-on-transferable-skills-2019.pdf  

Many reliable resources published by the government, educational institutions or organizations do not have a specific author. In this case, the organization that published the resource becomes the author. 

(Organization, date). -parenthetical 

Organization (date) -narrative 

Example:

For organization names that can be abbreviated, all in-text citations following the first are shortened to the abbreviation only, followed by the year. For example:

First in-text citation: (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2020). 

All subsequent in-text citations: (CDC, 2020).