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APA Support

HSA 3111 & 4850


Personal Communication

Note for HSA students: For your weekly Capstone Interview assignments: You will also need to cite each answer as a personal communication as follows: No personal communication is included in your reference list; instead, parenthetically cite the communicator's first initial and last name, the phrase "personal communication," and the date of the communication in your main text only.)
For example: (E. Robbins, personal communication, January 4, 2016).
A. P. Smith also claimed that many of her students had difficulties with APA style if they did not look up the details (personal communication, November 3, 2017).

Use this simple format.  (personal communication, Month Day, Year)


Dr. Phyllis Jackson (personal communication, October 1, 2016) felt the salt content in many canned soups was misleading to consumers. 


Dr. Jackson felt the salt content in many canned soups was misleading to consumers (P. Jackson, personal communication, October 1, 2017). 

NOTE: Personal Communications do not appear in the References page.


NB: With interviewees and personal conversation, there are issues of transparency versus confidentiality.  This is why the attribution to a personal communication is in the text as an in-text citation only and not at then end in the references section.

The APA Blog Style explanation in full is here.  These issues are well-covered in the APA Ethics Code.