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Writing and Citing: MLA 9th Edition: Images, Figures, and Tables

MLA 9th Edition

Illustrative Material

Visual Illustrative Material

Images/photographs, maps, graphs, or charts should be cited in a format below and labeled as a figure when used in an assignment.

See Figure Example for formatting.

 

Basic Image Format:

Citation:

Artist's Last Name, First. "Title of digital image."  Date, Website, Publisher or Sponsoring Organization, URL (no https://).

Example:

Warner, Mike. "Monet's Garden." 6 Oct. 2017, Flickr, flic.kr/p/ZsF6q1.

 

Image Without Author:

Citation:

“Title of the digital image.” Date, Website, Publisher, URL (no https://).

Example:

"Orange grove - Clewiston, Florida." 1920, Florida Memory,  www.floridamemory.com/items/show/138653

 

Image With No Author, Title, or Date

Citation:

Image description. Title of the website, URL (no https://).

Example:

Photograph of person washing hands. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, www.cdc.gov/

Note: You still need to cite the image even if you are missing much of the information. Please try to find images that do provide this information. 

 

Google Images:

Go to the original location (website) of the image and cite in one of the above formats.

Basic Image Format:

Citation:

(Fig. #) or (Last Name)

Example:

(Fig. 1) or (Warner)

 

Image Without Author:

Citation:

(Fig. #) or ("Title of Image")

Example:

(Fig. 2) or ("Orange grove - Clewiston, Florida.")

 

Image With No Author, Title, or Date:

Citation:

(Fig. #)

Example:

(Fig. 3)

Additional Resources

For additional assistance and examples on citations, click the links below!

Figure Example

Figure Format

Below is an example on formatting images and/ or figures:

Fig. 1. Flowers in Monet's Garden (Warner).

Note: If you just include a brief caption, then the reference entry is needed on the works cited page.

OR

Fig. 1. Warner, Mike. "Monet's Garden." 6 Oct. 2017, Flickr, flic.kr/p/ZsF6q1.

Note: If you include the full citation in the caption of the photo AND the image is not cited in-text, no reference entry is needed on the works cited page.
Note: Figures must be numbered in succession throughout the assignment.

Tables

Table Format

At the top of the table: Tables inserted into an assignment should have a label (Table X) and a brief description of the table if it was not included in the table.

At the bottom of the table: Directly below your table should include the caption, which includes the citation of the source (example: table from website, journal article, etc).

Note: If the table is not cited in-text, there is no need for a reference entry on the works cited page. If the table is cited in the assignment, an in-text citation (Table 1) is needed as well as the reference entry on the works cited page.
Note: Tables must be numbered in succession throughout the assignment.

 

Example:

Table 1

Source: "Tuition costs of colleges and universities." Fast Facts, U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, 2019, nces.ed.gov/fastfacts/display.asp?id=76