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Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association by
Publication Date: 2019-10-01
The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, Seventh Edition is the official source for APA Style.
A comprehensive, widely used resource, covering references page, in-text citations, examples of paper formatting, tutorials and many more resources.
APA Style provides a foundation for effective scholarly communication because it helps writers present their ideas in a clear, precise, and inclusive manner.
This is a guide for APA 7th edition. If you are looking for APA 6th edition, you may find it in the navigation bar above.
Please use the blue bar above to select the type of source you would like to cite
APA style is most commonly used to cite sources used in writing in Psychology, Education, Nursing and Sociology. This guide will provide specific examples of source citations in most current, 7th edition. In the tabs above, there are examples of references page citations, in-text citations, as well as a formatting example.
If you are still unclear on proper citations, please contact your campus librarian or use Ask A Librarian for a quick chat.
Basic rules for citing most sources:
- References must be double spaced and have a hanging indent.
- Alphabetized by the first listed author.
- If same author, list in chronological order, oldest first.
- In the titles of articles, books, webpages and most other sources, only capitalize the first word, first word after punctuation (colon or dash), and proper nouns.
- Italicize titles of books, journals, newspapers, but not articles, chapters, or webpages.