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Writing and Citing: APA 7th Edition: Images

A guide to help users create citations using American Psychological Association Style, 7th edition.

Online Images

Please see Tables and Figures for detailed information on citing information under the image.

Basic Format for Artwork from Museum Website:

Artist Last Name, First Initial. Second Initial. (Year). Title of the artwork [Format]. Location. URL


Wood, G. (1930). American gothic [Painting]. Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL, United States.

Basic Format for Stock Image or Clip Art:

Note: No reference entry needed for clips art from Microsoft Word or PowerPoint programs.

Author. (Year). Title of image [format]. Website. URL


GDJ. (2018). Neural network deep learning prismatic [Clip art]. Openclipart.

Image With No Author, Title, or Date

[Subject and type of work]. (n.d.). URL


[Photograph of person washing hands]. (n.d.).

Note: You still need to cite the image even if you are missing much of the information. Please try to find images that do provide this information.

Photograph from a Website:

Note: If no title, add a description in brackets.

Rinaldi, J. (2016). [Photograph series of a boy who finds his footing after abuse by those he trusted]. The Pulitzer Prizes.

McCurry, S. (1985). Afghan girl [Photograph]. National Geographic.

Google Images:

Go to the original location (website) of the image and cite in one of the formats above.

Basic Format for Artwork:

(Artist/Author Last Name, Year)


(Wood, 1930) - Parenthetical

Wood (1930) - Narrative

Basic Format for Stock Image:

(Artist/Author Name, Year) if just referencing in-text.


(GDJ, 2018) -parenthetical

GDJ (2018) -narrative

Image Format With No Author or Date:

(Organization or website title, n.d.)


(CDC, n.d.) - Parenthetical

CDC (n.d.) - Narrative

Image Format With No Author, Title, or Date:

If there is no author/organization or title, use a descriptive phrase (including the type of work and subject). This will serve as the title; make sure to include brackets. If there is no date, use the "n.d." abbreviation for "no date."

([Description of the type of work and subject]), n.d.)


([Photograph of person washing hands], n.d.)

Note: In-text images are also generally accompanied by a caption consisting of the full entry from your reference page. Please check with your instructor to see if this is necessary.

Figure Format

Figure format is used most often for citing Images in Text and Presentations. 

For APA Style Papers, make sure to provide a Figure number and title. Under the image, you can describe the image if there is no attribute or write the copyright attribute in the figure Note.

For Presentations, the Figure number, title, and note are optional. The citation still needs to be listed in the Reference page. 

Here is an example of a proper Figure citation:

Figure 1.

Lemur in the wild

Note. From Black and white Ruffled Lemur [Photograph], by M. Appel, 2016, (