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Writing and Citing: APA 7th Edition: Tables and Figures

A guide to help users create citations using American Psychological Association Style, 6th edition.

Tables and Figures

In APA 7, a Table is a gridded numerical representation of values, or textual information. 

Figures are charts, graphs, and other visual items that are not considered Tables.

APA looks for self-created tables and graphs, which can be done in Excel and imported into your paper or presentation.

Since they are created by the author, Tables and Figures do NOT require an entry on the References page, only in-text under the table or figure.

 

Tables and Figures

When you use a graph or another visual representation that is not a photograph or an image, it must be cited as Figure.

The figures must be numbered in succession throughout the paper or slideshow and must be cited individually under the figure itself.

It is not necessary to put the citations both under the figure and on the References page but check with your instructor for their preference.

Basic Format:

Figure X. An explanation or description of figure. Reprinted [or adapted] from Book Title (page number), by Author First Initial. Second Initial. Last Name, Year, Publisher. 

Figure From a Website:

Figure X. Descriptive phrase that serves as title and description. Reprinted [or adapted] from Title of Website, by Author First Initial. Second Initial. Last Name, Year, URL.

Figure From a Journal Article:

Figure X. Descriptive phrase that serves as title and description. Reprinted [or adapted] from “Title of Article,” by Author First Initial. Second Initial. Last Name, Year, Journal Title, Volume(issue), page number. If from a database, include URL here.

General Example:

 

Intro to Discrete Data and Graphs - Expii

Figure 1. Discrete Graph. Reprinted from Expii, by H. Bonville, 2019, https://www.expii.com/t/intro-to-discrete-data-and-graphs-4328